“Technology for mankind”, is explored and realized into practice in many areas since centuries. The most highlighted technology of the current world which still having tremendous scope to explore is Robotics. Robotics needs knowledge of electrical circuits, electronics, communication engineering, signal processing, artificial intelligence, control system design, mechanical designing and many diversified field of study. The word robotics was derived from the word robot, which was introduced to the public by Czech writer Karel Čapek in his play R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots), which was published in 1920. The word robot comes from the Slavic word robota, which means labor. The initial motive of robotics was to design machines which can obey the orders of its master. The concept of creating machines that can operate autonomously dates back to classical times, but research into the functionality and potential uses of robots did not grow substantially until the 20th century. Fully autonomous robots only appeared in the second half of the 20th century. Starting from a simple wired manually operated bot design to sophisticated humanoids, the field of robotics experienced a tremendous growth. The first digitally operated and programmable robot, the “Unimate”, was installed in 1961 to lift hot pieces of metal from a die casting machine and stack them. Commercial and industrial robots are widespread today and used to perform jobs more cheaply, more accurately and more reliably, than humans. They are also employed in some jobs which are too dirty, dangerous, or dull to be suitable for humans. Recently, in medical surgery also robots were employed and are termed as medical robot. A medical robot is a robot that allows surgeons greater access to areas under operation using more precise and less invasive methods. Robotics is an essential component in many modern manufacturing environments. As human wants to release themselves from their busy work load; the use of robots and its design also increases. Currently, much of the research in robotics focuses not on specific industrial tasks, but on investigations into new types of robots as per the human requirements.
Projects to be undertaken by the NIT Goa Club
In view of the recent recommendations by the external review committee of incorporating major hardware based projects in both undergraduate and postgraduate levels, Robotic club will play a vital role in identifying and implementing hardware based project approaches. The club will try to attract the students to develop some prototypes for Robotics for their B. Tech and M. Tech projects. As per the current facility by the Institute the club will try to provide projects on the following areas: